Homeopathy is system of medicine founded by Dr. Samuel Hahnemann, in Germany, in year 1795. It is based on principle “Similia similibus curentur” which means like cures like”. Hence, it’s therapeutic method of symptom similarity that developed and has been practiced in The United States since the early 19th century.
Homeopathy is popular and evolved as an eminent system of medicine because it has no side effects. It is a distinct system of medicine, comprehensive and deep healing.
Hahnemann was a physician (he received a doctorate from the University of Erlangen), a translator and medical practitioner by profession. During a translation of A Treatise of the Materia Medica written by the Scottisch professor William Cullen (1710-1790), Hahnemann encountered a paradoxical statement about the effects of Peruvian cinchona (a derivate of the China bark). Cullen suggested that China bark, when ingested by human beings, could cure fever based on its contracting and gastric quality.
Hahnemann did not find this statement satisfying and decided to test the effects of the China bark on himself. From his own experiences Hahnemann knew that China bark could cure changing fevers and accompanying symptoms.
Remarkably, Hahnemann produced exactly this changing fever and the connecting symptoms after he consumed small portions of Cinchona. This note would eventually lead, after doing multiple other tests with other medicines, to the formulation of the most important foundation of homeopathy: the law of similia (or law of similars): like cures like.
During his tests, Hahnemann and the test subjects developed severe, sometimes even dangerous symptoms. To minimize the risk, Hahnemann chose to dilute the tinctures. To his own surprise, this not only caused a reduction in suffering, but, when used as a medicine on the sick, it also increased the healing power of the medicine.
Hahnemann decided to continue diluting medicines, far beyond the level where one reaches the number of Avogadro. Hahnemann prescribed highly diluted medicines to sick people, according to the law of similia and experienced that his patients recovered from both physical and mental illnesses.
This led him to formulate the second principle of homeopathy: the law of infinitesimal potentiation: highly diluted (and shaken) homeopathic medicines are able to revitalize the ‘vital force’ of human beings.
Hahnemann concluded that large doses are destructive, medium and small doses are toxic and infinitesimal doses are curative. The smallest doses are not quantitative, but qualitative and directly influence the vital force which in turn heals the mind, emotions and physical symptoms respectively.
There are eight set of cardinal principles in homeopathy
1. Law of similia
2. Law of simple
3. Law of minimum
4. Doctrine of drug proving
5. Theory of chronic diseases
6. Theory of vital force
7. Doctrine of drug dynamization.
8. Theory of individualization.
Law of similia
It simply means like cures like. It is the basic principle of homeopathy. In this simple and single dose of medicine is given to patient.
Law of simple
This means give one single medicine at a time.
Law of minimum
Suitable medicine is given in minimum dose at time, as large dose causes a complex diseases. It has various benefits, like it has no injurious effect, no unwanted aggravation, no risk of drug-addiction, side-effects and last but no least we can take full advantage of curative property of medicine.
Doctrine of drug proving
Drug proving is a systematic investigation of pathogenic power of medicine.
Theory of chronic disease
It was given by Dr Hahenmann in order to treat some of the chronic disease which otherwise difficult to treat.
Theory of vital force
It is invisible force which is present in all living beings. Derangement of this vital force causes diseases.
Doctrine of drug dynamisation
Hahnemann began the experiments of the application of proven drugs for the cure of the sick upon the basis of the law of similars, by using drugs in their full strength but many a times, he observed aggravation of the ailments in patients.
He reasoned that the dose was too high and hence started diluting the drug on a definite scale.
He found to his surprise that the results obtained were much better. He continued this process of dilution until he discovered that the curative power of drugs bore no proportionate relationship to the crude quantity, but by this peculiar and systematic method of dilution based on a regular scale, the concealed curative powers of otherwise inert substances were extracted. He named this process of drug dynamization as ‘Potentization‘.
Potentization is a process by which all the medicinal properties, which are latent in a substance, are extracted from their crude form for the curative purpose.
Theory of individualization
Homeopathy as a scientific system of therapeutics is based on identifying the individual as an entity and selecting the similimum according to his characteristics.
In homeopathy each individual is considered as a distinct entity with certain characteristics of his own and based on these characteristics we choose an identical medicinal picture.