Bel, Bael, Bilva, Shri Phal or Bengal quince (Aegle marmelos (Linn.) Correa ex Roxb.) is a very auspicious tree native to India. It belongs to Rutaceae-the family of lemons, Mexican lime, Sweet lime, grapefruit, Casimiroa ro white sapote and Wampee.
This sacred medicinal tree has great nutritional, environmental as well as commercial importance. It has tremendous therapeutic potential.The fruits, commonly known as Bael are available during summer season. They have hard green outer covering and yellow pulp with seeds. The ripe fruits are eaten fresh and also used to make Sharbat.
In Ayurveda, the dried pulp of the unripe Bael fruit is given along with other ingredients for dysentery, piles, dyspepsia, jaundice, scrofula, indigestion and chronic fever. The leaves are indicated in jaundice and anasarca. The leaf decoction kis given in case of asthmatic complaints.
In Homeopathy, there are two remedies of Beal, Aegle folia and Aegle marmelos. Aegle marmelos is prepared from fruits whereas remedy Aegle folia is prepared from the leaves.
Aegle marmelos Homeopathic remedy treats chronic dysentery diarrhoea, conjunctivitis, Rhinitis, nocturnal seminal emission etc.
Aegle folia is found to be effective in gastro-intestinal affections such as dysentery, colic pain, constipation, indigestion, sour eructation, piles.
Bael tree has its origin form Eastern Ghats and Central India. It is indigenous to Indian subcontinent and mainly found in tropical and subtropical regions. The tree is found as a wild tree, in lower ranges of Himalayas up to an elevation of 500 meters. It is found in areas like Himalayas, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Uttaranchal, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, the Deccan Plateau and along the East Coast. It is also grown in some Egyptian gardens in Surinam and Trinidad.
This plant has anti diabetic activity, cardio protective activity, antimicrobial and antifungal, anticancer activity, antipyretic (reduce fever), analgesic (pain relieve), wound healing activities.
About The tree
It is a slow-growing sharp tree and medium in size, about 12 to meter in height with short trunk, thick, soft, flaking, bark, and the lower ones drooping. Tree has straight sharp axillaries thorns, 2.5 cm long.
Flower greenish, white, sweet scented about 2.5 cm across, new leaves is glossy and pinkish-maroon in colour. Mature leaf emits a disagreeable dour when brushed. The fruits are round, oval, may have a thin, hard, woody shell.
Common names of Aegle marmelos Tree
Bel, Beli, Beligiri (Hindi), Bilva, Shivandruma, Shivaphala, Vilva (Sanskrit) Bael, Bengal Quince,
Golden Apple, Bael Fruit, Indian Bael, Holy Fruit, Golden Apple, Elephant Apple, Indian Quince, Stone Apple (English) Bel, Bel Kham (Urdu), Bel (Assamese And Marathi) Bilivaphal (Gujrati) Marredy , Belo (Oriya), Vilvama, Vilva Marum (Tamil) And Bilva, Bilva Pandu (Telugu)
Opesheet, Bel Indian (Burmese) Belbaum, Schleimapfelbaum (German) Oranger Du Malabar, Cognassier Du Bengale, Bel Indian (French) Modjo (Japanese) Matum, Mapin, Tum (Thai) Tar Imam, Mbau Nau (Vietnames) Bull, Quiththa El Hind (Arab)
Bael is known in India form pre-historic time and has been mentioned in the ancient system of medicine. It has a great mythological significance also. Every part of plant such as fruit, seed, bark, leaf and root are important for preparation of various traditional formulations. Bael plant acts as a sink for chemical pollutants as it absorbs poisonous gases from atmosphere and make them inert. It is also known as “climate Purifiers”. As it emit great percentage of oxygen in sunlight as compared to other plants.
Aegle folia and Aegle marmelos Remedy
Aegle marmelos is important remedy for bleeding piles, diarrhoea and dysentery. It acts as a mild stimulant to the intestinal mucous membrane. This remedy, is characterised by full, regular and strong pulse. It is important remedy for dropsy (accumulation of water in subcutaneous tissue) and beri-beri with decreased urine.
Mentally patient commits mistakes in spelling. Headache in patient appears between 4-8 p.m. He experiences heat in the vertex in evening which is better by eating.
1- Complaints in eyes
There is swelling in upper eyelids. There heat from face, eyes and ears which disappears after eating.
2- Complaints related to Stomach
Patient feels distended abdomen especially lower abdomen, flatus expelled with a loud noise especially in the afternoon. This remedy is very useful in indigestion, colic, piles and constipation. It is very remedy for amoebic and bacillary dysentery.
3- Complaints related to urine
- Urine decreased considerably due to cardiac disease or dropsy.
- Patient feels as light pain in the back.
- It is very remedy sexual impotency and bronchitis.
4- Fever related complaints
- Fever is seen with catarrhal symptoms like influenza and dropsy, especially in children.
- There is continuous fever with oedema of hands, legs and face, present along with diarrhoea, with chronic fever associated with hepatic (liver) disorders. It is very good remedy for ringworm.
- It is excellent remedy for ascites (accumulation of fluid in stomach).
This medicine is used in form of tincture, 3x, 6, 30 potency. 5 drops of mother tincture of should be used two times a day.