Hypertension and Homeopathic Medicines

Hypertension is commonest cardiovascular disorder which is prevalent in our country. It is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular mortality, which accounts from 20-50 per cent of all deaths.

Medically, Hypertension or High blood pressure is defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg (a systolic pressure above 140 or a diastolic pressure above 90)

Category

Systolic blood pressure

Diastolic blood pressure

Normal

< 130

<85

High normal

130-139

85-90

Hypertension

  

Stage (1) Mild

140-159

90-99

Stage (2) moderate

160-179

100-109

Stage (3) severe

>180

>110

Classification

Hypertension is classified as

Primary also known as essential- when the causes of hypertension are generally unknown. It is the most prevalent type as it comprises nearly all cases of hypertension.

Secondary-when hypertension is associated with some systemic diseases.

One of the severe type of hypertension is malignant hypertension, which associated with following symptoms like severe headache, vomiting, sudden blindness, sudden paralyses, convulsions, disorientation, lack of consciousness, and coma.

Risk factors that attributes to Hypertension

Age- Blood pressure rises with age in both sexes and the rise is much more in those with higher initial blood pressure.

Sex- Early in life there is little evidence of a difference in blood pressure between the sexes. At adolescence, men display a higher average level. In women, post-menopausal women has higher chances of hypertension.

Genetic factor-Children who have parents with normal blood pressure has less chances of hypertension. Whereas children with both parents having high blood pressure has high chances of elevated blood pressure in future.

Obesity-The greater the weight gain the greater will be chances of high blood pressure. Central obesity (which is associated with high waist to hip ratio is mostly associated with high blood pressure.

Salt intake – high salt intake result in higher chances of high blood pressure.

Persons who take less fibres in diet or are constipated have higher risk of developing hypertension in future.

Alcohol- High intake of alcohol consumption raises systolic blood pressure more than diastolic pressure.

Physical activity-Decreased physically activity cause high chances of elevated blood pressure.

Other miscellaneous causes- like oral contraception, noise, vibration, temperature and humidity.

Effects of Hypertension

High blood pressure, affects all body organs. High blood pressure, can damage heart and can cause blood clots to form in the arteries. It can weaken brain’s blood vessels.

High B.P. affects brain, kidney and arterial blood vessels. Uncontrolled hypertension accelerates the damage to these organs and results in eventual organ failure and cardiovascular death and disability.

Effects on Heart: Chronic hypertension may result in increase in wall thickness in its initial stages. Later on when further complication occurs, symptoms of heart failure appear. In these cases common symptom is angina (a condition marked by severe pain in the chest, often also spreading to the shoulders, arms, and neck, owing to an inadequate blood supply to the heart). If neglected this condition will further complicates and patient may die as result of heart attack.

Effects on Eyes: Hypertension adversely effects eyes as it harms retinal blood supply. Symptoms associated with conditions are blurred vision, at times blindness.

Effects on Nervous system: Patient present with symptoms like occipital headache, which occurs mainly in morning. Along with this there is dizziness, light headedness, vertigo, ringing in ears. In severe cases syncope (बेहोशी) can also be seen.

Hypertension also affects kidney and death may occurs by kidney failure.

Dietary and Lifestyle Changes

Dietary changes play an important role in prevention and management of cases of hypertension. The salt content may be minimised to 5 gm a day.

Other helpful tips in high blood pressure

  1. Fat, ghee, butter should be taken in very less amount.
  2. Alcohol, smoking should not be take.
  3. Do regular exercises which lowers weight, lipids and blood pressure.
  4. Yoga and meditation also helps to lowers blood pressure.
  5. One should try to maintain weight in normal range. In case of obesity, try to reduce weight.
  6. Maintain Body mass index (bmi= weight in kilograms/ square of height in meters) less than 25.
  7. BMI Categories
  8. Underweight = <18.5
  9. Normal weight = 18.5–24.9
  10. Overweight = 25–29.9
  11. Obesity = BMI of 30 or greater

Self-care

People should taught how to measure blood pressure if they can afford the blood pressure machine at home. Those people who are uneducated should be encouraged to go to dispensary and check their blood pressure regularly.

Treatment for hypertension in homeopathy

Here is a list of medicines which are used to manage high B.P. in homeopathy. The main aim is to obtain a blood pressure below 140/90

  1. Natrum mur 200
  2. Phosphoric acid 200
  3. Aurum metallicum 30
  4. Lachesis 30
  5. Gloninum 30
  6. Belladonna 200

Natrum mur

Natrum mur is a good remedy for hypertension with following symptoms. It is good remedy for patients having the following symptoms:

  1. Feeling of coldness about heart when patient is having any mental excitement.
  2. The pulsation of heart shake the patient’s body
  3. Irregular beating of heart.
  4. Irregular pulse, may be slow or rapid.
  5. Enlargement of heart.
  6. Palpitation of heart as result of anxiety.
  7. There is valvular troubles of heart.
  8. Disease of heart lead to dropsy.

Dosage and Administration:

  • It is generally given in 200 potency.
  • Its dosage is 3 pellets 3 times a day with less frequency as improvement is made.
  • Pellets are usually taken out carefully. Avoid any interaction of the remedy with hands. Put the pellets directly on tongue.

Phosphoric acid

  • It is good remedy for patients having the following symptoms:
  • Pulse irregular, weak and frequent
  • Palpitation (घबराहट) due to nervous nature and from sexual excietment.

Dosage and Administration:

It is generally given in 200 potency. The remedy is to be taken 3 pellets 2 times a day.

Aurum metallicum

  1. It is good remedy for patients having the following symptoms:
  2. Cardiac hypertrophy (enlargement) without dilatation.
  3. Complaints are worse from any type of exertion.
  4. Feeling as if blood would burst through chest.
  5. Complaints are mainly of left side.
  6. Great anguish and suicidal tendency is seen in patient.
  7. Pulse is rapid
  8. Fatty heart is seen (the fat being imbedded around the heart and between the muscular fibres but without destroying their structure.)

Dosage and Administration:

It is generally given in 30 potency. The remedy is to be taken 3 pellets 3 times a day.

Lachesis

  • It is good remedy for patients having the following symptoms:
  • Especially useful is late stage rheumatic condition of heart.
  • Sensation as if the heart were too large for the containing cavity.
  • Oppressive pains with a feeling of expansion of the heart as if full of wind.
  • Complaints are better by eructations.
  • Pulse is weak and intermittent, and feeling of stitches in felt side of chest.
  • Horrible smothering feeling about heart awaking him from sleep and compelling the patient to leave the bed
  • Arthematous condition (Deposition of fat in heart vessels) is seen in old people and people who drink alcohol.

Dosage and Administration:

It is generally given in 30 potency. The remedy is to be taken 3 pellets 3 times a day.

Glonoinum

  • It is good remedy for patients having the following symptoms:
  • Excessive throbbing of heart, and blood vessels.
  • Pulsating headache in forehead and temples.
  • Complaints are worse when bend forward (stooping) which causes stitching pain in chest, lying on left side.
  • Alternate congestion of heart and head.
  • Stitching pain in heart extending into back between shoulders.
  • Complaints are better when lying on the right side.
  • Restlessness in limbs which better by walking.

Dosage and Administration:

It is generally given in 30 potency. The remedy is to be taken 3 pellets 3 times a day.

Belladonna

  • It is good remedy for patients having the following symptoms:
  • Collection of blood in various part of body
  • Palpitation of heart
  • Feeling of pressure in heart which arrests breathing and causes anxiety.

Dosage and Administration:

It is generally given in 30 potency. The remedy is to be taken 3 pellets 3 times a day.

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