Dandruff is medically known as Pityriasis capitis. It is a seborrheic scurf that forms on the scalp and comes off in small scales. Homeopathy has many remedies which are effective in checking dandruff.
What is dandruff?
Dandruff is very common condition of hair, which is characterized by the presence of greater or lesser quantity of dry, white scales which, after the hair is brushed, fall on to the clothing, the shoulders and other parts of the body. It is characterized by the excessive production and accumulation of skin cells. In dandruff there is accumulation of large visible clumps of skin cells. This white scales are once thought to be as a result of malassezia, but is proved harmless one. The white scales are considered to be as a result of excess from horny layers of the skin and this can be a response to low-grade infection.
Various factors can lead to dandruff-
- Deficiency of vitamin B
- Dry or oily skin
- Dryness of scalp due to continuous use of shampoos and hair conditioners.
- Excess sebum production
- Excessive combing of hairs
- Excessive consumption of sweets, starches and fats, alcoholic drinks, chocolate, cream, butter or milk
- Frequent use of shampoo
- Genetic factor
- If a person use a lot of time in swimming pool
- Impaired immune system
- Parkinson Disease
- Poor hygiene
- Sensitivity of a person towards hair care products
- Winter time
Pityriasis sicca– It is least severe phase characterised by dry, branny, flakes, confined to small patches.
Pityriasis steatoides– It is an oily type of dandruff, associated with redness and accumulation of thick crusts. Seen usually in front side, back side of head. If this condition prevails there is early onset of baldness in men.
In severe cases there is extensive eruptions with widespread greasy scaling patches, crusting. In extreme cases the entire scalp is covered with a dirty greasy crust having an offensive odour.
Dandruff is considered to be complicated when this spread from the scalp to the ears and on to the neck.
A painful sore with a hard core filled with pus (फोड़ा)
A very contagious infection of the skin; common in children; localized redness develops into small blisters that gradually crust and erode.
Inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye, Impetigo and fissures of the post-auricular folds, corners of the lips, (conjunctivitis) (आँख आना)
Loss of hair on the sides of head in early age.
Acne is often seen in patient with dandruff.
Homeopathic Remedies for Dandruff
Scalp covered with, dry, branlike scales, scabs and crusts sometimes extending down to forehead, ears and neck.
Patient doesn’t allow hair to be touched. Patient has a very sensitive head. Patient often complaint falling of hair. This falling of hair is in circular patches, which become rough and dirty. Patient has an icy feeling on the scalp. Head is sensitive in open air. Scalp itches intolerable, in circular patches of bare spots Patient has rough hair, dirty, sensitive and covered with dry scales. Patient has burning at night and great itching. Scalp very sensitive so that patient cannot brush hair.
This remedy is suited to thin, stylish, well-groomed and rick looking person, with sharp features, pale, delicate skin and who is always anxious. It is given to old broken down people with marked weakness, and who alcohol.
Worse– wet weather, after midnight, from cold, cold drinks or food, seashore, right side.
Better– from heat, from head elevated, warm drinks.
Dosage– Potency 30, 3 times a day for 5 days until patient get relief. This remedy can be taken in any time of day, except midday and midnight.
Dandruff, scalp very tender to touch. Patient cannot bear even a slight brush on it. Scalp rough and uneven. Hair seems very oily.
Can be given to person having black hair, dark complexion. Patient is usually slim, but is affected due to over eating. These people are irritable, anxious and depressed, intelligent.
Worse– in evening, before falling asleep, stooping down, after taking cold, exertion of the body, getting heated.
Better– laying on painful side, from pressure, rest. cold, eating cold thing, after eructation.
Dosage-Potency 200, 3 times a day, for 7 days.
3- Calcarea Carb
White and yellow scales, dry scales, dry, branlike. There is falling out of hair, mostly on sides of head down to beard. Patient has headache with unusual accumulation of dandruff on scalp. Sensation of coldness on outer head, many small warts on hands. Head feels hot and heavy with a pale face. There is feeling icy coldness in and on the head, especially right side. There is itching of the scalp. He scratches the head on waking.
Patient is fat, chubby, children and young persons who are inclined to grow fat. Women with light hair, light colour eyes.
Worse-from physical and mental exertion, cold in every form, water, washing, moist air, wet weather, during full moon, standing.
Better-dry climate and weather, lying on the painful side.
Dosage– potency 30, 3 times a day, for 5 days.
Precaution– This medicine acts best when taken around after breakfast. This medicine should not be repeated in aged people.
Much scaliness on scalp, causing distressing itching, hair becomes scruffy, which disappears on washing, and is then moist. There is burning round spot on top forehead itching, like fine needles, on scalp. There is early greying of hair. There is burning in head. There is humid, itchy eruptions on the scalp which gives bad odour.
Worse-warmth, at night, during and after menses.
Better-dark, from wrapping.
Dosage-Potency 200, 3 times a day for 5 days.
There is copious dandruff, hair comes out in bundles. Scratching relieves itching, but is worse afterwards, with burning. Skin over forehead feels tight. Itching of scalp, dandruff, falling out of hair in large bunches.
Given to person who had none disease at early childhood, young people who grow to rapidly and are very weak. These person often suffers with anaemia.
Worse– touch, physical or mental exertion, warm food, drink, change of weather, from getting wet in hot weather, evening, lying on the left or painful side.
Better-lying on the right side, cold food, cold open air, washing with cold weather, from sleep.
Dosage– Potency 200, 2 times a day, for 6 days.
Precaution– Never give the medicine just before or after eating or before falling asleep. Medicine acts well when patient mixed it with icy cold water.