Homeopathic medicine Jaborandi (Pilocarpus microphyllus) is prepared from the leaves of plant, Pilocarpus. Pilocarpus is a powerful glandular stimulant and the most efficient diaphoretic. Its most important effects are diaphoresis, salivation and myosis. After taking medicine, the face, ears and neck become deeply flushed, and drops of perspiration break out all over the body whilst at the same time the mouth waters and saliva pours out in an almost continuous stream. Other secretions, lachrymal, nasal bronchial and intestinal also but in less degree. The sweat and saliva produced by a single dose is often enormous in quantity, not infrequently half a pint. It is a valuable remedy in limiting the duration of mumps.
Jaborandi word is taken from Tupi-Gurarni language ya-mbor-endi, meaning “what causes slobbering”. It is tree which attain a height of more than twenty feet. This plant is native to Brazil. It blossoms in September, have a large and violet coloured. This plant is used by South American Indians as antidote to the bite of serpents of the Trigonecephalus group. Tincture is prepared from flowers. It contains an alkaloid Jaborandine or Pilocarpia. It was used as diaphoretic in ancient time. It contains alkaloid mainly pilocarpine and volatile oil 0.5% mainly limonene and undecanone.
Pilocarpine is used in treatment of glaucoma, as it lowers pressure within the eye of a person. Pilocarpine is derived from the leaves of Pilocarpus Microphyllus. It belongs to genus Pilocarpus.
When crude form, if used incorrectly, pilocarpine eyedrops can lead to poisoning through leakage into nose or mouth. Lethal dose is about 60 mg of pilocarpine. It should not be used during pregnancy or while breastfeeding.
Preparation of remedy– Dried leaf is taken along with ethanol.
About Pilocarpus microphyllus (Jaborandi)
Jaborandi grows as a shrub and it found in Amazonian rain forest. It is a shrub which grows in the north-eastern part of Brazil to heights of five to twenty feet. Its trunk diameter is one to three inches. It has leathery and numerous flowers.
Common name of Pilocarpus microphyllus
- Indian Hemp
- Arruda Brava
- Arruda do Mato
Explorers to Brazil in the 16th century discovered that Indigenous tribes used the plant. It was used as mouth ulcers, cold and flu. Samples are then taken to Peru where it was found that it has property to promote sweating and salivation. Pilocarpus species are found in South America mainly in the forests of northern Brazilian states. It was first introduced to estern medicine in 1873 when Symphronio Coutinho, a Brazilian doctor took the leaf sample to France.He routinely used Jaborandi leaves in his practice as a diphoretic and sialagogue. Its value in ophthalmology was a secondary discovery. Interest in the Jaborandi plant by French physicians was piqued due to its use among Brazilian Indians to promote profuse sweating and salivation. Because of its commercial value, this species was exploited without control and by the 1990s it was considered an endangered species in Brazil.1 During the dry season collectors go into the forest and strip the leaves from branches by hand. Excessive and frequent collection of leaves from the same plant does not allow full development of new leaves leading to high plant mortality and reduction in the size of new leaves. Jaborandi, the only known source of pilocarine, is at the verge of extinction due to human impact.
Pilocarpine is used to reduce intraocular pressure. It is useful in treatment of glaucoma. It is useful in treatment of xerostomia when there is decrease saliva production. Pilocarpine is derived from the Jaborandi plant. It is only source of pilocarpine in the world. Pilocarpine hydrochloride is a direct acting cholinergic parasympathetic agent. It acts on exocrine glands like salivary, sweat, lachrymal and respiratory mucous glands and increases its secretion.
Indications of Jaborandi (Pilocarpus)
- Ciliary spasm
- Convergent strabismus
- Detachment of retina
- Drug induced xerostomia
- Eye complaints
- Pneumonia in high altitudes can be cured by use of jaborandi
- Radiation induced xerostomia
- Severe leucorrhoea
- Sjogren’s syndrome
- Xerostomia associated with chronic graft versus host disease
Traditional uses of Jaborandi
- Anaesthetic for mucous membrane
- Asthenopia (where eyes are easily tire from the slightest use)
- Kidney disease
- Tinnitus (ringing in ears)
In Mexican traditional medicine it is used to treat rheumatism, pleurisy and dropsy. It is also said to have a history of use as an emetic in Brazil.
Jaborandi (Pilocarpus) Suited to Patients
Jaborandi is suitable for person who has anxiety. Patient is cheerful which alternates with dullness of mind. Person has delirium at night. He has delirium to murder family with hatchet. It cures restlessness with evening. Person wants to be silent.
It is given when patient has dim vision with twitching of lids. It cures pain in eyeballs. It is very useful remedy when patient has for many months could not read more than five minutes without the eyes tiring. He has nausea on looking at moving objects. It is given when patient has everything black before eyes on stooping.
Patient has constant pain in eyes even upon using for distance. It is very good remedy when patient sees everything hazy. He could read moderate sized type at one foot. He could not read the same thing from a distance of two feet. It looks indistinct.
It cures when patient feels swimming of distant objects with clouds before vision.
It is given when patient has blue rings before eyes at times, especially on looking in the distance.
It is given when patient complaints that after constantly doing fine work images retained for several minutes. Patient’s vision is impaired and finally unable to use eyes at all for work.
It cures sharp pains in eyes which shooting back into head. It cures headache which is generally dull in nature. Light is very painful. It is very good remedy for eye complaint. Patient’s eye sight is very weak, he could not use them even a few minutes without pain in them. Along with this patient has nausea. He experiences pain and nausea when looking steadily at a distance. He has much vertigo as if head was too light.
It is very good remedy when patient has headache upon using eyes.
It is given for coryza with fever. Patient has free flow of saliva with discharge from nostrils. It cures headache with coryza with soreness in nostrils and bones. Patient has dullness which alternates with hilarity without any cause.
It is very good remedy for mumps with inflammation of testicles. Testicles are swollen twice natural size and is very painful.
It is given when patient has headache every day about noon. Headache is so severe so that patient has difficulty in breathing with pressure in chest. Patient is very anxious and palpitation in heart. It cures empty feeling in head. Headache is radiating time. It starts in noon, have no relation with appetite. Patient feels uneasy. Pain in back of head radiate to forehead and then reaches to top of head at 7:30 p.m.
It is very good remedy for exophthalmic goitre as it acts on thyroid gland.
Graves’ disease, also called toxic diffuse goitre or exophthalmic goitre, endocrine disorder that is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism (excess secretion of thyroid hormone) and thyrotoxicosis (effects of excess thyroid hormone action in tissue).
Symptoms of exophthalmic goitre
- Increased action of the heart
- Pulsation in the arteries
- Heat and sweating
- Bronchial irritation
It is very good remedy to cure greying of hair.
It is given when patient has loss of appetite with bitter taste in mouth. Patient has intense thirst.
It is given when patient has nausea and retching often attended with hiccough and sometimes it ends in vomiting.
It cures empty feeling in abdomen. Distress in stomach which is worse by eating.
It is given when patient has thin, watery, copious diarrhoea with slight nausea. Patient has yellow, watery, painless and gushing diarrhoea.
It is given when patient has dark urine which can be scanty or profuse. It is very good remedy for Diabetes inspidius, Renal dropsy.
It is very good remedy when women experiences flushing in menopause.
It is given in oedema with swelling of face, hands and feet. It is very good remedy for convulsions during child birth, with symptoms like suffocation and loss of consciousness. She is unable to swallow saliva.
It is very good remedy for deficient secretion of milk (Galactorrhoea).
It is very good remedy when patient has humid asthma with profuse expectoration. It cures stitching pain in chest.
It can be taken when heart’s action is irregular, intermittent and increased.
It cures cardiac dropsy, with rapid pulse and visible throbbing of arteries.
It can be given when patient has heavy sleep.
It is given when patient has much sweating and salivation. It checks profuse secretion from glands in body. Perspiration starts on forehead and face and then spread all over the body. Perspiration seen more on trunk. Patient feel very weak after sweating.
Perspiration is seen when patient is recovering from any disease. It is also seen after Tuberculosis.
Perspiration is seen in night.
Sweat is seen on left side of body.
It is given when patient has redness of face, ears, neck and body. Patient has heat of face and throbbing of arteries.
It is given to patient whose has difficulty of speech and indistinct. It is very difficult to understand the language of patient. It cures profuse sweat with dry skin. Saliva flows upon pillow during sleep.
It is given when patient has dryness of throat mainly in back of throat. Patient has dry and inflamed feeling seen in forenoon with swelling of tonsils and stiffness of jaws.
It is given when patient has stool at 7.am. and again at 7 p.m, with difficulty in passing large stool.
It is given when patient has sudden severe pain during urination.
It cures pain in heart region with palpitation and irregularity and weakness of heart.
It is given when patient fell asleep while sitting reading. He could not sleep due to restlessness with pressure on chest and hurried.
It is given when patient has viscid saliva like white of egg. It also cures dryness of mouth.
It is given when patient has oedma of lungs (hydrothorax).
Dosage of Jaborandi (Pilocarpus)
Q, 2x, 2 drops, 4 times a day for 10 days.
For hair complaints: Apply externally on scalp mixed with oil.
- SBL Homeopathy Jaborandi Hair Oil.
- Dr.Reckeweg Jaborandi Q, Homeopathic Mother Tincture.
- Jaborandi mother tincture in Dr. Wilmar Schwabe.
Contraindicated in heart failure, uremia occuring after child birth and disease related to old conditions.